Jefferson Market Garden

Bloom Guide

 

Our Bloom Guide contains information on some of the flowers and shrubs that grow in the Garden.

Bloom Guide

Plant photos and descriptions from Wikipedia

February – March
Witch Hazel

Witch-hazel (Hamamelis, /ˌhæməˈmiːlɪs/) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Hamamelidaceae, with three species in North America(H. ovalis, H. virginiana and H. vernalis), and one each in Japan (H. japonica) and China (H. mollis). The North American species are occasionally called winterbloom.

February – March
Snow Drops

Galanthus (snowdrop; Greek gála "milk", ánthos "flower") is a small genus of about 20 species of bulbous herbaceous perennials in theAmaryllis family.Most flower in winter, before the vernal equinox (20 or 21 March in the Northern Hemisphere), but certain species flower in early spring and late autumn.Snowdrops are sometimes confused with the two related genera within Galantheae, snowflakes Leucojum and Acis.

March – April
Lenten Rose

A Commonly known as hellebores /ˈhɛlɨbɔərz/, members of the Eurasian genus Helleborus comprise approximately 20 species ofherbaceous or evergreen perennial flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae, within which it gave its name to the tribe of Helleboreae. The scientific name Helleborus derives from the Greek name for H. orientalis "helleboros"; "elein" to injure and "bora" food. Many species are poisonous.

March – April
Magnolias

Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[notes 1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol.Magnolia is an ancient genus. Appearing before bees did, the flowers are theorized to have evolved to encourage pollination by beetles.

March – April
Grape Hyacinths

Muscari armeniacum is a bulbous plant of the genus Muscari with basal, simple leaves and short, flowering stems. It is one of a number of species and genera known as grape hyacinth, in this case Armenian grape hyacinth or Garden Grape-hyacinth. The flowers are purple, blue (with a white fringe), white (var. "Album") or pale pink (var "Pink Sunrise") and the plants are usually 15 centimetres (6 in) tall.

March – April
October – November
Camellias

Camellia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae. They are found in eastern and southern Asia, from the Himalayas east to Japan and Indonesia. There are 100–250 described species, with some controversy over the exact number. The genus was named by Linnaeus after the Jesuit botanist Georg Joseph Kamel, who worked in the Philippines, though he never described a camellia.

March – May
Spring Bulbs

The tulip is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, bulbous plants in the lily family. It is an herbaceous herb with showy flowers, of which around 75 wild species are currently accepted. It is a common element of steppe and winter-rain Mediterranean vegetation. A number of species and many hybrid cultivars are grown in gardens or as potted plants..

March – December
Perennials

A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives for more than two years. The term is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annuals and biennials. Perennials, especially small flowering plants, that grow and bloom over the spring and summer, die back every autumn and winter, and then return in the spring from their rootstock, are known as herbaceous perennials.

April
Japanese Rose

Rosa multiflora, commonly known by its synonym Rosa polyantha and as multiflora rose, baby rose, Japanese rose, many-flowered rose, seven-sisters rose, Eijitsu rose, is a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in China, Japan and Korea. It should not be confused with Rosa rugosa, which is also known as "Japanese rose", or with polyantha roses which are garden cultivars derived from hybrids of R. multiflora.

April
Mission Bells

Fritillaria is a genus of Eurasian, North African, and North American plants in the lily family. There are about 100 to 130 species of bulbous plants in the family Liliaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, especially the Mediterranean, southwest Asia, and western North America. Plants of the genus are known in English as fritillaries. Some North American species are called mission bells.

April – May
Azalea

Azaleas /əˈzeɪliə/ are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron, particularly the former sections Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera(deciduous). Azaleas bloom in spring, their flowers often lasting several weeks. Shade tolerant, they prefer living near or under trees. They are part of the Ericaceae family.

April – May
Lilacs

Syringa (Lilac) is a genus of 12 currently recognized species of flowering woody plants in the olive family (Oleaceae), native to woodland and scrub from southeastern Europe to eastern Asia, and widely cultivated in temperate areas elsewhere. The genus is most closely related to Ligustrum (privet), classified with it in Oleaceae tribus Oleeae subtribus Ligustrinae.

April – May
Purple Leaf Sand Cherry

Prunus pumila, commonly called sand cherry, is a North American species of cherry in the rose family. It is widespread in eastern and central Canada (from New Brunswick west to Saskatchewan) and the northern United States (from Maine to Montana, south as far asColorado, Kansas, Indiana, and Virginia, with a few isolated populations in Tennessee and Utah). It grows in sandy locations such as shorelines and dunes.

April – June
Roses

A rose (/ˈroʊz/) is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae. There are over 100 species and thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. Flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and showy, in colours ranging from white through yellows and reds.

April – June
Bleeding Hearts

A Homalanthus populifolius, the bleeding heart or Queensland poplar, is an Australian rainforest plant. It often appears in areas of rainforest disturbance. Bleeding heart is highly regarded by rainforest regenerators because of its fast growth and use as a pioneer species in rainforest regeneration.

April – June
Forget-Me-Nots

Forget-me-nots are any one of a number of species of flowering plants in the genus Myosotis. Its common name was calqued from German, Vergissmeinnicht and first used in English in AD 1398 through King Henry IV. Similar names and variations are found in many languages. Although there may be up to 100 species in the genus, only those native to the Northern hemisphere are commonly called Forget-me-not.

April – July
Spireas

Spiraea /spaɪˈriːə/, is a genus of about 80 to 100 species of shrubs in the family Rosaceae. They are native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest diversity in eastern Asia.The genus formerly included the herbaceous species now segregated into the genera Filipendula and Aruncus; recent genetic evidence has shown that Filipendula is only distantly related to Spiraea, belonging in the subfamily Rosoideae.

April – September
Native Wildflowers

A wildflower (or wild flower) is a flower that grows in the wild, meaning it was not intentionally seeded or planted. Yet "wildflower" meadows of a few mixed species are sold in seed packets. The term implies that the plant probably is neither a hybrid nor a selected cultivar that is in any way different from the way it appears in the wild as a native plant, even if it is growing where it would not naturally. 

May – June
Golden Chain Tree 

Laburnum, commonly called golden chain, is a genus of two species of small trees in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. The species are Laburnum anagyroides—common laburnum and Laburnum alpinum—alpine laburnum. They are native to the mountains of southern Europe from France to the Balkan Peninsula.

May – June
Rhododendrons

Rhododendron is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout the Southern Highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America. It is the national flower of Nepal. Most species have showy flowers which bloom from late winter through to early summer.

May – June
American Yellowwood

Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouriand Indiana south to central Alabama. Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia.

May – June
Dogwood

Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearing flowers.

May – June
Allium

The genus Allium (onions) comprises monocotyledonous flowering plants and includes the onion, garlic, chives, scallion, shallot, and theleek as well as hundreds of wild species.The generic name Allium is the Latin word for garlic, and Linnaeus first described the genus Allium in 1753. Allium is one of about fifty-seven genera of flowering plants with more than 500 species. It is by far the largest genus in the Amaryllidaceae

May – July
Crabapples

Malus (/ˈmeɪləs/ or /ˈmæləs/) is a genus of about 30–55 species of small deciduous apple trees or shrubs in the family Rosaceae, including the domesticated orchard apple (M. domestica). The other species are generally known as crabapples, crab apples, crabs, or wild apples.The genus is native to the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere.

June – July
Stewartia

Stewartia (sometimes spelled Stuartia) is a genus of 8-20 species of flowering plants in the family Theaceae, related to Camellia. Most of the species are native to eastern Asia in China, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam, with two (S. malacodendron, S. ovata) in southeast North America, from Virginia and Kentucky south to Florida and Louisiana.

June – July
Foxglove

Digitalis is a genus of about 20 species of herbaceous perennials, shrubs, and biennials commonly calledfoxgloves.This genus was traditionally placed in the figwort family Scrophulariaceae, but recent phylogenetic research has placed it in the much enlarged family Plantaginaceae. The scientific name means "finger-like" and refers to the ease with which a flower of Digitalis purpurea can be fitted over a human fingertip.

June – August
Butterfly Bush

Asclepias tuberosa is a species of milkweed native to eastern North America. It is a perennial plant with clustered orange or yellow flowers from early summer to early fall. It is commonly known as Butterfly Weed because of the butterflies that are attracted to the plant by its color and its copious production ofnectar. It is also the larval food plant of the Queen and Monarch butterflies. Hummingbirds, bees and other insects are also attracted.

June – August
Japanese Pagoda Tree

Styphnolobium is a small genus of three or four species of small trees and shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae, formerly included within a broader interpretation of the genus Sophora. It was recently assigned to the unranked, monophyletic Cladrastisclade. The leaves are pinnate, with 9–21 leaflets, and the flowers in pendulous racemes similar to those of the Black locust.

July – August
Hydrangeas

Hydrangea (hydrangea or hortensia) is a genus of 70–75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia and the Americas. By far the greatest species diversity is in eastern Asia, notably China, Japan, and Korea. They can be either deciduous or evergreen, though the widely cultivated temperate species are all deciduous.

July – August
Phlox

Phlox is a genus of 67 species of perennial and annualplants in the family Polemoniaceae. They are found mostly in North America (one in Siberia) in diverse habitats from alpine tundra to openwoodland and prairie. Some flower in spring, others in summer and fall. Flowers may be pale blue, violet, pink, bright red, or white. Many are fragrant.

July – September
Black-eyed Susans

Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed-susan, is a North American species of flowering plants in the sunflower family, native to the Eastern and Central North America. Other common names for this plant include: brown-eyed susan, brown betty, gloriosa daisy, golden Jerusalem, English bull's eye, poor-land daisy, yellow daisy, and yellow ox-eye daisy. Rudbeckia hirta is the state flower of Maryland.

August
Crape Myrtle

Lagerstroemia, commonly known as crape myrtle or crepe myrtle, is a genus of around 50 species of deciduous andevergreen trees and shrubs native to the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, northern Australia, and parts of Oceania, cultivated in warmer climates around the world. These flowering trees are beautifully colored and are often planted both privately and commercially as ornamentals.

August – September
Stonecrop

Sedum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, members of which are commonly known as stonecrops. The genus has been described as containing up to 600 species of leaf succulents that are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The plants have water-storing leaves. The flowers usually have five petals, seldom four or six. There are typically twice as many stamens as petals.

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Copyright 2019 Jefferson Market Garden. All Rights Reserved. Website design by Jack Chen Design.

Garden photos by Linda Camardo, Laurie Moody, Bill Thomas

With support from the Partnerships for Parks Capacity Fund Grant,

made possible by the City Parks Foundation thanks to the Parks Equity Initiative

of the New York City Council under the leadership of Melissa Mark-Viverito.